Sable, a comb argent on a lock of golden hair--BLOUD.See example also under boar, colour.
Azure, three locks of hair in bend or--HARBOTTLE.
Gules, three boy's heads couped, crined or, with snakes round about their necks azure--VAUGHAN, Hargest, Wales.
Gules, three maiden's heads couped argent, crined or--MADESTON.
Two eagles with wings expanded or, ducally crowned gules, each charged in the breast with a pair of horse-hames tied at the top and bottom proper, the inside per pale argent and of the second--Supporters of the Arms of Viscount BOLINGBROKE and ST.JOHN.Hameçon. See Cross, §22.
|London Plasterers' Company.|
|London Blacksmiths' Company.|
Sir Adam MARTEL de sable a iij martels de argent--Roll, temp. ED. II.
Azure, on a chevron engrailed or, between in chief two plasterer's hammers argent handled of the second, and in base a treble flat-brush of the third handle upward like the third; a rose gules seeded or barbed vert, enclosed by two fleurs-de-lis of the first; in chief a trowel fesswise, handle to the sinister as the third--Company of PLASTERERS, London[Inc. 1501].
Sable, a chevron or between three hammers argent handled of the second, ducally crowned of the last--Company of BLACKSMITHS and SPURRIERS[Inc. 1579].
Azure, a hammer erect in pale argent ensigned with a ducal coronet or--Company of HAMMERMEN, Edinburgh.
Sable, a chevron argent between three hammers or ducally crowned of the last--SMITHS' Company, Exeter.
Azure, a chevron between three lathing-hammers argent, handled or--SLATERS' Company, Newcastle-on-Tyne.
Or, three hammers sable--HAMERTON.
Gules, a fesse between three hammers or--PIGOTT.
Gules, three hammers with claws argent--MARTELL.
Argent, a bend of six lozenges conjoined between as many mattocks, with the clawed ends to the dexter, sable--BOLRON, co. Chester.
Gules, three wright's hammers clawed argent--PURSER,
Gules, a dexter hand couped proper holding a sword paleways argent between two broken hammers or--NASMYTH.
D'or, a trois marteaux de gules--MARTEL, Normandy.
Argent, three mallets gules--FORTE, co. Somerset[ancient arms of DE FORTIBUS].Hanchet. See Bugle-horn.
Gules, a chevron between three mallets or--SOAME, [Bart., 1684].
Sable, three square hammers[i.e. mallets] argent--BROWNE, co. Rutland.
Argent, a fesse between three mallets sable--BROWNE.
Argent, a fesse between three mallets, the handles reversed gules--BLOODMAN.
|Badge of ULSTER.|
Argent, a sinister hand erect couped gules--Province of ULSTER.As the Badge of Ulster has been referred to under this article, it is thought well to give one or two examples.
Sire Johan de COYNERS dazure ov la maunch dor e ove la meyn[i.e. a maunche or, a hand proper]--Roll, temp. ED. II.
Azure, a dexter hand[in some instances, a sinister hand] apaumé, couped, argent--BROME.
Gules, a fesse between four dexter hands couped argent--QUATERMAIN, Oxford.
Gules, a dexter hand couped barways argent--BAREMAINE.
Or, on a chief gules a hand couped barwise[otherwise extended transverse the chief] argent--MAINSTONE.
Gules, three hands, fingers downwards argent; a quarter chequy azure and or--SUTTON.
Or, on a bend azure three dexter hands couped at the wrist and clenched, argent--ESINGOLD.
Azure, a dexter hand couped at the wrist and clenched, in pale argent--FEAST, Middlesex.
Sable, a close hand[i.e. clenched] argent--POWNSE.
Sable, three sinister hands erased argent--MAYNARD.
Gules, three hands holding a crown a key and a purse or--Arms ascribed to NIGELLUS, Bp. of Ely, 1133-69; and to RICHARD DE ELY, Bp. of London, 1189-98.
Gules, in a maunch ermine a hand proper holding a fleur-de-lis or--BRUTON Priory, Somerset, [also MOHUN].
Purpure, a sinister hand couped and erect argent--MANLEY.
Gules, two arms and hands clasped in fesse proper between three hearts or--WARTON, Bp. of S.Asaph, 1536, and of Hereford, 1554-57.
Gules, three pairs of hands back to back argent--PUREFOY, co. Buckingham.
Sable, three pairs of armed hands embracing argent two and one--PUREFOY, Caldecot, co. Warwick.
Sable, three pairs of dexter hands conjoined or ruffled argent--PUREFEY.
Gueules à la foi d'argent--COUSIN de la TOUR FONDUE.
D'azur, a une foi d'argent vêtue de pourpre posée en bande et mouvante d'une nuée d'argent--ARENE, Provence.
Per pale argent and sable, a chevron between three talbots passant counterchanged; on a chief gules as many leopard's heads or. On the fesse-point the badge of Ulster--GOOCH, Benacre Hall, Suffolk.Hand-basket. See Basket.
Gules, a fret argent, a canton of Ulster--Sir George FLEMING, Bp. of Carlisle, 1735-47.
Gules, a fesse between six mullets argent; a canton of Ulster--Sir William ASHBURNHAM, Bp. of Chichester, 1754-97.
Argent, a chevron sable, a canton of Ulster--Sir Jonathan TRELAWNEY, Bp. of Bristol, 1685; afterwards of Exeter, 1689; and last of Winchester, 1707-21.
Azure, a chevron between three hanks of cotton erect argent--Hugh COTTON, co. Stafford.Hare: the Hare(fr. lièvre). as also the rabbit(fr. lapin), always blazoned coney(and in one case the leveret), are not infrequent in coats of arms, but, so far as has been observed, there are no rules followed as to distinct drawing of these varieties.
Azure, three cotton-hanks argent--COTTON, Combermere.
Argent, three bars sable, over all as many cotton-hanks or--COTTON.
Barry of six argent and sable, three cotton-hanks or--HAYWOOD.
Azure, on a fesse argent between a bee-hive, surrounded by bees volant in chief, and in base a mill-wheel or, a hank of cotton of the field between two roses gules barbed and seeded proper--CALRON, co. Lancaster.
Azure, a hank or knot of bowstrings in pale or; on a chief argent three bows--LONG BOWSTRING MAKERS' Company, London.
Argent, three hares(elsewhere conies) courant in pale azure--ARROWOOD, Lancashire.Hareng, (fr.): herring.
Azure, a chevron ermine between two hares courant in chief, and a sun in base[elsewhere in chief three suns argent, in base a hare courant]--WATSON, Bp. of Winchester, 1580-84.
Azure, a hare salient guardant argent with a hunting-horn hanging about the neck vert garnished gules within a bordure counter-compony of the second and first--CLELAND, Edinburgh.
Azure, a hare rampant between three mullets or--MARCHANT.
Argent, a chevron gules between three leverets courant sable--LEYVER, or LEVER, co. Lancaster.
Azure, three leverets courant in pale--LEVERINGTON.
Gules, three conies sejant argent within a bordure engrailed sable--Sir Humphry CONESBY, co. Hereford, and CONINGSBY, co. Norfolk.
Argent, [otherwise or,] three conies passant sable--CONYSTON.
Argent, on a chevron azure a coney passant between two fishes hauriant of the first; on a chief checky of the first and second a rose or on a pale of the second--CHEYNEY, Bp. of Bristol, 1562-79.
Argent, a saltire gules between four conies feeding sable--CONY, co. Hertford.
Per fesse argent and vert, a pale counterchanged, three conies issuing from their burrows of the first--BROWGHE.
Argent, on a fesse nebuly sable three hare's heads couped or--HAREWELL, Bp. of Bath and Wells, 1366-86.
|Insignia of IRELAND.|
Azure, a harp or stringed argent--IRELAND.Harpoon. See Eel-spear.
Gules, three cloyshackes or stringed argent--IRELAND, Harl. MS. 304.
Azure, three harps or--DOBBIN, Ireland.
Argent, three harps sable stringed or--HARPSFIELD.
Azure, two lions rampant combatant supporting a garbe or; in dexter base a crescent argent, in sinister base the harp of Ireland--FOGARTY.
Argent, a Jew's harp[or a scoop] in bend sable between six laurel-leaves of the last--SCOPHAM, co. Lincoln.
Azure, a chevron between three harrows or--HARROWER.Hart. See Deer.
Argent, three harrows sable two and one[otherwise argent, a chevron between three harrows sable]--HARVY, Hale, Cornwall.
Erminois, an annulet interlacing three triangular harrows conjoined in the fesse point--REDMAYNE, co. York.
Ermine, three triangular harrows gules, toothed or, and conjoined in the nombril point of the escutcheon gules by a wreath argent and of the second[otherwise, Ermines, the harrows or, the wreath argent and or]--HARROW, or HARWE.
Ermine, on a chevron between three felt hats strings sable as many escallops argent--Company of HATTER MERCHANTS, London.For the Cardinal's hat, see Cap.
Argent, a chapeau or hat azure, with a plume of ostrich-feathers in front gules--John KINGESTON, 1390[Harl. MS. 1178].
Sable, a chevron argent between three hat-bands wreathed of the second and azure--BURY.Hatchet. See Axe.
Argent, a dexter hand couped at the wrist gules between two hat-bands nowed azure, in chief a hat sable banded of the third--FELTMAKERS' Company[Inc. 1604].
Azure, on a chevron between three hat-bands or as many merillions sable--HATBANDMAKERS' Company[Inc. 1664].
Gules, a chevron between three hat-bands argent--MAYNES.
Argent, a hawthorn-tree eradicated proper--SYLVESTER.Hauberk, or Hauberg: a name which appears to be given to the cuirass, from the German Hals==berg, i.e. a protection for the neck, but it has only been observed in one coat of arms.
Argent, three thorn-trees vert--THORNHOLME[granted 1653].
Per pale argent and gules, a chevron between three lion's heads erased counterchanged; on a chief or a thorn-tree proper--THORNTHWAITE, Cumberland.
Argent, a thorn-tree fructed proper on a chief gules a lion passant guardant or--O'MURCHOE.
Argent, a hawthorn-tree erased vert, flowered gules--BRETLAND, co. Chester.
Argent, a chevron sable between three hawthorn-leaves vert--THORNTON, co. York.
Verte, on a fesse argent between three garbs or, banded gules, two boughs of whitethorn saltier-wise enfiled with a crown proper, between a mound royal azure and a robin redbreast proper, all within a bordure engrailed of the third[pometty ?]--ALDRICH, Bp. of Carlisle, 1537-56.
Gules, a cross ingrailed ermine between in chief two may-flowers slipped or--MAYFIELD, co. Cambridge[granted 1684].
Per pale azure and gules, a tilting-spear in pale proper surmounted by a hauberk[or coat of mail] or--AUBERT.Hay-fork. See Fork.
Argent, on a fesse gules between three owls sable as many lozenges ermine; on a chief azure three nut-trees[or hazel-boughs] proper--HASLEWOOD.
Argent, a hind's head couped azure collared or, between two hazel-boughs vert fructed or--ALFORD, Suffolk.
Argent, a chevron sable between hazel-leaves vert--HESILRIGGE.
Or, on s fesse azure between three hazel-slips proper as many crescents argent--HASELL, Cumberland.
Or, a chevron sable between three hazel-nuts erect slipped gules--TARSELL.
Argent, a fesse gules between three hazel-nuts or husks and stalks vert--HASELEY, Suffolk.
Argent, on a chevron between three filberts sable two cats combatant of the first--GIBBS.
D'argent, à la rose de gueules cantonnée de quatre coquerelles de sinople--LA BORDE.
|Crest of DRAYTON.|
Azure, three broad arrows or, two and one feathered argent; on a chief of the second as many men's heads couped sidefaced proper--WATTES, Somerset.
Gules, a chevron ermine between three Englishmen's heads in profile proper--LLOYD, co. Denbigh.
[Similar arms seems to be borne by Abp. WILLIAMS of York, and Bp. GRIFFITH of S.Asaph.]
Gules, a chevron between three Saxon's heads in profile, the two in chief couped and one in base erased argent--GRIFFITH.
Ermine, three prince's heads crowned and mantled proper couped at the breast--ENFANTLEROY.
Gules, a chevron between three Saracen's heads couped at the shoulders argent--SARES, Middlesex.
Gules, a Saracen's head erased proper hair and beard or, round the temples a fillet nowed argent and azure; on a chief or three roses gules--HUGHES, Bp. of S.Asaph, 1573-1600.
Vert, a chevron gules between three Turk's heads couped proper turbaned or--SMITH, granted 1623.
D'azur, à trois têtes de Turcs de carnation, le turban parti et tortillé d'or et de gueules--BELO, Manche.
Argent, three moor's heads couped at the shoulders proper filleted or and gules--TANNER, Bp. of S.Asaph, 1732-35.
Or, on a fesse between three Moor's heads erased sable as many crescents argent--BLACKMORE.
Or, a blackamoor's head couped sable--BINNS.
Or, a cross gules between four blackamoor's heads affrontee, couped at the shoulders proper, wreathed about the temples gold--JUXON, Bp. of London, 1633; Abp. of Cant. 1660-63.
Per fesse argent and sable, a pale counterchanged three negro's heads proper--GERARD.
Per fesse gules and argent, three Egyptian's heads counterchanged--ASHPOOLE.
On a wreath a cubit arm erect grasping a dagger, enfiled with a gypsy's head couped proper--Crest of MACLELLAN, Lord Kircudbright.
Azure, a bird's leg couped at the thigh or, conjoined to a savage's head argent, hair sable--PETRE.
Vert, a lion rampant or; on a chief argent a man's head couped at the neck and bald proper between ducal coronets of the second--MULTADY, Ireland.
Gules, a chevron argent between three St.Paul's heads proper--PAULSWORTH, or PILSWORTH.
|Crest of Arms of HILTON.|
|Head of S.John the Baptist.|
The head of Moses proper, with two rays or horns or--Crest borne by HILTON. [The arms are argent, two bars azure.]Of Women's heads there are also several varieties. As a rule they are drawn with dishevelled hair. The maidens' heads are drawn as the head and shoulders of a woman affronty, couped below the breasts, her hair dishevelled, and usually wreathed with a garland of roses; sometimes also crowned with an eastern crown. The term bust is also sometimes used in English, but more frequently in French blazon. The term lady's head is also found, as also nun's head, the last being generally veiled.
On a wreath a demi angel issuing from clouds, proper, vested azure, wings expanded or, crined of the last; on his head a cap; thereon a cross patée of the third, holding a dish argent, glorified or; therein the head of S.John the Baptist proper--TALLOW-CHANDLERS' Company, London. [Arms and crest granted, Sept. 24, 1463.]
Argent, on a bend sable, three satyr's heads couped at the shoulders of the first, horned or--WHEYWELL.
Sable, three Midas's heads erased argent, crowned or--JAY.
Azure, a fesse or, in chief three women's heads couped at the breasts proper and crined of the second; in base a leopard's face of the last--SUGDON.Infants', and children's, and boys' heads are also found named, frequently with a snake twisted around the neck.
Sable, a fesse enhanced argent; in chief three nun's heads couped at the shoulders proper, vested of the second, crowned or; in base an ox passing a ford proper--S.FRIDESWIDE'S PRIORY, Oxford, afterwards the arms of the Bishoprick of OXFORD.
Azure, on a chevron argent between three maiden's heads of the second, crined or, three lilies slipped gules; on a chief of the third a cross tau sable between two roses of the fourth--TAYLOR, Bp. of Lincoln, 1532-54.
Azure, three lady's heads in fesse between as many fleurs-de-lis or--COLLARD.
Argent, a chevron sable between three nun's heads veiled couped at the shoulders proper--DAVENEY, Norfolk.
Argent, on a bend between six billets gules three veiled nun's heads couped bendwise of the first--WEDNISSON.
Gules, a maiden's head proper crined or--MAYDENSTUN, Bp. of Worcester, 1314-17.
Gules, three bars ermine; on a canton argent a maiden's head proper--BARETTI, India.
.... A quadrangular castle surmounted with another, over the battlements the bust of a queen, her hair dishevelled and(ducally) crowned .... --Seal of Corporation of QUEENBOROUGH, Kent.
D'azur, a trois bustes de reine de carnation couronnées à l'antique d'or--GRANDMONT, Comtat-Venaissin.
Argent, a boy's head proper, crined or, couped below the shoulders, vested gules, garnished gold--BOYMAN.The Seraph's head is said to be represented as the head of an infant with six wings, two above it in saltire, two below it in saltire, and one on each side, but so far as has been observed no example occurs. Death's heads are but rarely borne(see under Bones).
Gules, three boy's heads couped argent crined or--INFANT.
Sable, three infant's heads couped at the shoulders proper crined or--BONYFANT.
Sable, a fesse or between three children's heads couped at the shoulders proper; about each neck a snake vert--APJOHN, Surrey.
Sable, a chevron argent between three children's heads couped at the shoulders proper crined or; about each neck a snake vert--VAUGHAN.
Argent, a heart imperially crowned proper[i.e. gules, crowned gold] on a chief azure three mullets of the field--DOUGLAS.
[This crowned heart is said to an augmentation in memory of Sir James Douglas, who undertook to carry the heart of King Robert, call the Bruce, to the Holy Land to be buried there in the year 1328.]
Argent, a chief sable in fesse a human heart gules--Edmund SCAMLER, Bp. of Peterborough, 1561; Bp. of Norwich, 1585-94.
Gules, a body-heart, between two wings displayed or--Henry de WENGHAM, Bishop of London, 1259-62.
Argent, a heart gules within a fetterlock sable; on a chief azure, three boar's heads erased argent--LOCKHEART.
Per fesse wavy or and vert; in chief a human heart emitting flames of fire proper between two crosses crosslet sable; in base an anchor erect of the last--WADE, co. Durham.
Azure, a fesse or; over all on a pile argent three hearts gules, two and one--KEAN, Ireland.
Argent, three hearts flammant gules--HEART, Scotland.
Or, three bars wavy gules; over all a human heart counterchanged--DRUMMOND, co. Perth.
Argent, a heath-cock proper[i.e. sable], comb and gill gules--Sir Francis MORE, Serjeant-at-law, 1619.Heaume, (fr.), Healme, (old fr.): helmet.
Sable, a buck lodged reguardant argent; between the attires a heath-cock volant or--MORTOFT, Norfolk.
Sable, on a mount in base vert a buck salient or; a chief of the third charged with a black-cock proper--MARTOSET.
Argent, on a fesse wavy sable between five heath-cocks of the second six plates--Sir John EBRINGTON[ob. A.D. 1477].
A demi heath-cock with wings expanded azure, powdered with annulets or; in the beak a lily argent--Crest of the COOPERS' Company.
Argent, three hedgehogs sable--HARRIES, Scotland[also HERIZ].Heights: used of rows of feathers. See under Plumes.
Argent, a thistle vert flowered gules between three hedgehogs sable--HARRIS, Cousland.
Azure, three hedgehogs argent--HERYS.
Azure, three hedgehogs or--HERIZ, co. Leicester.
Or, three hedgehogs azure--HARRIS, co. Salop.
Or, three hedgehogs passant in pale gules--HERCY.
Azure, three hedgehogs statant or--Sir Roger SWELYTON.
D'argent, à trois herissons de sable--HERICY, Normandy[also HERISSON, Bretagne].
Sable, a close helmet between three spear-heads, points fessways argent--David DOLBEN, Bp. of Bangor, 1632; also John DOLBEN, Bp. of Rochester, 1666, Abp. of York, 1683-86.Helved: with handle or haft of a different tincture, used e.g. of a Pole-axe.
Azure, two bars argent between three close helmets or--ARMIGER, Norfolk.
Sable, a lion passant guardant or between three helmets argent--COMPTON, Bp. of Oxford, 1674; of London, 1675-1713.
Argent, three helmets with open vizors adorned with plumes of feathers azure--MYNYOT, Kent.
Argent, three knight's helmets azure line gules--GOODACRE, Ireland.
Gules, three helmets argent, vizors and garnishing or--BASSET, [Lord Mayor of London, 1475].
Gules, three men's heads in profile armed with head pieces and gorgets argent--O'KENNEDY.
Or, three front-faced helmets proper--ELLICE, Herts.
Azure, a knight's helmet with snake entwined round it between three lion's heads erased or--ADOLPHUS.
Argent, a lion rampant gules, on his head a helmet azure--CLAPHAM, Scotland.
Argent, three hemp-breaks sable--HAMPSON.Hen. See Cock.
Sable, on a fesse between three bugle-horns stringed and garnished argent a hemp-break gules--BRAINE.
Azure, on a fesse between three bugle-horns stringed argent a hemp-buckle gules--BRAYNE, co. Gloucester.
Argent, a cross gules between four doves, their dexter wings expanded and inverted, azure. Crest: in a ducal coronet proper, a dove rising azure. Supporters: two lions rampant gardant argent, ducally gorged or--COLLEGE OF ARMS.The Lyon Office, Edinburgh, and the Office of Arms, Dublin, have cognizance of the heraldry of Scotland and Ireland respectively, as the College of Heralds has of that of England and Wales.
Argent, S.George's cross; on a chief azure, a ducal coronet encircled with a garter, between a lion of England[ducally crowned] on the dexter side, and a fleur-de-lis on the sinister, all or. [Guillim, 1632.] [Formerly, 1559, a dove in the first quarter.]Clarenceux is the second in rank of the kings of arms, and the establishment of his office has been traced to the reign of Henry V. His ancient title was Roy des armes des Clarenceux. that is of the people of Clarence, a district which comprehends the castle and town of Clare, in Suffolk, but his province is all England to the south of the Trent. Clarenceux has a crown, collar of SS., and surcoat like those worn by Garter, and the insignia of his office are,--
Argent, S.George's cross; on a chief gules, a lion of England[ducally crowned] or. [Formerly, 1595, a fleur-de-lis in the first quarter.]Norroy is the most ancient of the three kings of arms, but the lowest in order of precedence. The name first occurs in the reign of Edward II., and the province assigned to this officer is that part of England which lies north of the river Trent, whence his title, Roy de armes des Norreys, a word used by Peter of Langtoft and other old historians in the sense of Northmen. His crown, surcoat, and collar, resemble those of the other kings. His official arms are,--
Argent, S.George's cross; on a chief[per pale azure and] gules, a lion of England[ducally crowned] between a fleur-de-lis on the dexter side, and a key, wards in chief, on the sinister, all or.Bath king of arms, although not a member of the college, takes precedence next after Garter. His office was created in 1725 for the service of the order of the Bath, and he was constituted Gloucester king of arms(an office originally instituted by Richard III., in whose reign it also became exsinct), and principal herald of the parts of Wales. He was likewise empowered to grant arms(either alone, or jointly with Garter) to persons residing within the principality.
Or, a cross gules; upon a chief of the last a lion passant guardant between a harp on the dexter side and a portcullis on the sinister, all gold.HERALDS: there are at present six heralds, who rank according to their seniority in office. They derive their titles from certain districts, with which, however, they have no official connection. They are as follows.
Gerard Leigh's "Accedence of Armorie," London, 1562.It will be seen by the above titles of books(representing the chief works published at the time) that, with the one exception of Guillim's work, the term Heraldry is not used till quite the end of the seventeenth century; while in the next century it appears to be used exclusively in describing the study of coat-armour and all that belongs to it.
John Bossewell's "Works of Armorie," London, 1572.
Sir John Ferne's "Blazon of Gentrie," London, 1586.
Sir William Segar's "Book of Honour," London, 1590.
William Wyrley's "The True Use of Armorie," 1592.
William Camden's "Discourse of Orders in Britain," [in his Britannia, 1594; also, "The Discoverie of certain Errors in the 'Britannia' ed. of 1594, "by Ralph Brooke, 4to., 1596, reprinted in 1724].
Edmund Bolton's "Elements of Armories," London, 1610.
John Guillim's "Display of Heraldry," first published 1611.
Thomas Milles, "The Catalogue of Honour, or Treasure of true Nobilitie," London, 1610(chiefly compiled by Robert Glover, his uncle).
Andrè Favine's "Theater of Honour and Knighthood," London, 1623.
James Yorke's "Union of Honour," London, 1640.
Nicholas Upton's "De Studio Militari Libri Quatuor;" cum notis Ed. Bissæi, Lond. 1654. [Upton, however, wrote C. A.D. 1450.]
Sylvanus Morgan's "The Sphere of Gentry," London, 1661.
John Selden's "Titles of Honour," London, 1614, (later ed. 1672).
Sir George Mackenzie's "Science of Herauldry," Edinburgh, 1680.
John Gibbon's "Introductio ad Latinam Blasoniam," Lond. 1682.
Randle Holme's "Academie of Armorie," Chester, 1688.
Samuel Kent's "Grammar of Heraldry," London, 1716.
Alexander Nisbet's "System of Heraldry," 2vols., Edinburgh, 1722-42.
Joseph Edmondson's "Complete Body of Heraldry," 2vols., London, 1780.
James Dallaway's "Inquiries into the Origin and Progress of Heraldry," Gloucester, 1793.
"Anecdotes of Heraldry," Worcester, 1795.
Gules, a golden lyon sitting on a chayer and holding a battayle-axe of silver.In some instances the writers invented the arms themselves, in others they took idle gossip; but the worst part was that these legendary arms were not confined to the literature, but were carved in wood and stone, and such has been the extent that with respect to personages of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries the fictitious arms cannot be distinguished from the genuine ones; thus the science has been obscured, and it is not too much to say, in consequence of some of their extravagancies, brought into ridicule.
circa circa .... Acre roll, MS. Harl. 6137, and No. 158 MS.; Dodsworth, MS. Ashmole, 1120[dated 145, 5086; MSS. Harl. 1192, but probably later]. 4033, 5803, 6137, 6589. 1245. Roll MS. in the College of 1322. Boroughbridge Roll, MS. Ash- Arms, L. 14. mole, 831. 1260. Roll, MS. Harl. 6589. 1338. Roll, Grimaldi's MS. 1280. ,, MSS. Harl. 6137, 6589. 1346. ,, MS. College of Arms; 1286. ,, MS. Harl. 6137. MS. Harl. 6589. 1290. ,, MS. Harl. 6137. 1348. Calais Bannerets MS. Ash- 1296. ,, MS. Harl. 6137. mole, 1120, Cotton MS. 1298. Falkirk Roll, MS. Harl. 6589. Tiberius E. 9, MSS. Harl. 1299. Roll, MSS. Harl. 6137, 6589. 6589, 6595. 1300. ,, MSS. Harl. 6137, 6589. 1348. Calais Knights MS. Harl. 1300. Carlaverock Poem, MS. Cot- 6589. ton, Caligula, A. 18. 1395. Roll, Newling's MS. 1308. Dunstaple Roll, MSS. Harl. 1418. Rouen Roll, MS. Ashmole, 6137, 6589. 1120; MS. Harl. 6137. 1310. Roll, MS. Harl. 6589. 1512. Parliament Roll, MS. Cole, 1312. ,, MS. Queen's Coll. Oxon, 30.
Azure, the figure of Hercules[in one blazon 'a savage'] wreathed about the head and middle with laurel-leaves, holding in the dexter hand a quadrant, and therewith looking towards a star in the dexter chief; and in the sinister hand holding a club all proper--OSWALD, Scotland.Hérisson, (fr.): Hedgehog.
Odinel HERON d'azur a trois herons d'argent--Roll, temp. HEN. III.With these may be associated the spoonbill(platalea), of which the head occurs only, and the French aigrette, with its remarkable tuft, but no example of an egret has been noted in English arms.
Sire Odynel HERON de argent a iij herons de azure--Roll, temp. ED. II.
Sire Roger HERON de goules a iij herons de argent--Ibid.
Sire Johan HEROUN de azure iij herouns de argent--Ibid.
Sable, a heron within a bordure argent--MATTHEWS.
Azure, a bendlet between two herons[otherwise blazoned cranes] argent--HYGHAM.
Gules, three herons argent, a bend engrailed or--HERON[in Canterbury Cathedral].
Sable, a bend argent between three heron's heads erased of the second--GLOVER.
Gules, three heronshaws[otherwise blazoned storks, and perhaps really pewits] or--TYRWHITT, co. Lincoln.
Or, on a chevron engrailed sable between three heronshaws[otherwise blazoned storks] argent, a plain chevron or--LYMINGTON, co. Chester.
Argent, a bittern[otherwise blazoned 'a fencock'] sable, membered gules--MATTHEW.
Sable, a bittern argent--ASBITTER.
Gules, three bitterns argent--BITTENNECK, or BITTERER.
Azure, on a bend or, within a bordure argent, three bitterns sable, membered gules--READE.
Gules, on a fesse or between three mascles ermine, each charged with three drops sable, a trefoil slipped azure between two bittern's heads erased of the field beaked argent, and about their necks a leash of the last--THACKER, co. Derby, granted 1538.
Or, a fesse wavy sable between three fencocks proper--FENCOTE, co. York.
Or, a heron volant proper; on a chief sable three escallops of the first--GRAHAM, Scotland.
Argent, three spoonbill's heads erased argent beaked or--Sir John LACY, Cornwall.Heronshaw, or Hernshaw. See Heron.
D'azure, à trois aigrettes d'argent becqueés et membreés sable--ALLIGRET, Champagne.
Sire Johan HERINGAUD, de azur crusule de or a vi harengs de or--Roll, temp. ED. II.Of the same family(clupeidœ) as herring are other fishes which are named in heraldry, viz. the sprat, the garvin, and, on account of the name of the bearer, the spalding, which is perhaps, after all, but a local name. There is also the pilchard(Germ. pelzer, lat. clupea pilchardus) of the same family.
[On seal of John HERINGOL, of Westwell, Kent, temp. HEN. III., is a shield with a border charged with six herrings.]
Sable, three herrings hauriant argent, a chief or--Sir Thomas KYRTON, Sheriff of London, 1533.
Vert, a herring hauriant argent--Benjamin HARENC[Sheriff of Kent, 1777].
Azure, semee of crosslets, three herrings hauriant two and one argent--HERRING, Bp. of Bangor, 1738; Abp. of York, 1743; Abp. of Cant. 1747-57.
Sable, a fesse between six herrings[or sprats] hauriant or--SPRATTON.
Sable, a chevron argent between three cob-fish naiant or; a chief of the last--COBB, Sandringham. [A monument in Adderbury church, Oxfordshire, where a branch of the family resided.]
Gules, a chevron wavy between three cob-fish naiant argent, on a chief of the last two sea-cobs[or gulls] sable[and in one case given as two shovellers sable beaked and legged or]--COBB, Sharnbrook, Bedfordshire.
Party per chevron sable and argent, in chief two sea-cobs[i.e. gulls] respecting each other, and in base a herring naiant or--COBB, Snetisham, Norfolk.
Per chevron gules and sable, in chief two swans respectant, in base a herring proper[otherwise blazoned a herring-cob]--COBB, co. Oxford, [Baronet, 1662].
Argent, a chevron sable, between three sprats naiant proper--Thomas SPRATT, Bp. of Rochester, 1684-1713.Herse, (fr.): a Portcullis, also a Harrow.
Azure, three garvin fishes naiant fessways in pale argent--GARVIE, Scotland.
Argent, a chevron sable between three spaldings azure--SPRATT[or SPROTT, Harleian MS. 1404].
Gules, a chevron or between three pilchards naiant argent--Job MILITON[Governor of S.Michael's Mount, temp. HEN. VIII.]
Argent, a chevron gules between two roses in chief and a pilchard naiant--ROSCARRECK, Cornwall.
Sable, a fesse between three door-hinges argent--CARDINALL, Hadley, Suffolk[in the arms of the Essex branch of this family the fesse is engrailed].Hirondelle, (fr.); Swallow.
Gules, a boar argent, armed, bristled, collared and chained or, tied to a hollybush on a mount in base both proper--OWEN, co. Pembroke.Holy Lamb. See Lamb, Holy.
Argent, a holly-tree eradicated proper; on a chief engrailed azure a lion passant between two trefoils slipped or--DOWLING, Kilkenny[granted 1662].
Argent, a sheaf of arrows gules between three holly-branches[otherwise blazoned branches of holly, or sprigs of holly, and bundles of holly] each of as many leaves proper handed of the second--IRVINE, Scotland.
Argent, a holly-branch between three bay-leaves slipped vert--FOULIS, Edinburgh.
Argent, a chevron pean between three hollen-bushes[sic] fructed proper--BUSHNAN, co. Essex[granted 1784].
Argent, three holly-leaves pendent proper--INWYNE, Cumberland.
Argent, a battle-axe between three holly-leaves in chief and a bugle-horn in base vert garnished gules--BURNET, Scotland.
Gules, on a bend argent six holly-leaves, two, two, and two bendwise in fesse sable--RYON.
Argent, two bars wavy between three hone-stones azure--HONE, Devon. [Quartered by BODLEY].Honeysuckle: this, or the woodbine, is found but rarely in coats of arms.
Sable, on a fesse or between three honeysuckles argent two lions passant azure--MASTER, co. Wilts.Honour point. See Point.
Azure, three woodbine leaves argent--BROWNE.
Argent, three woodbine leaves bendways vert two and one--THEME
Or, an annulet beset with three boat-hooks in triangle sable--BROBACH.
Sable, a chevron between three fish-hooks argent--MEDVILLE.
Argent, a fesse sable between three fish-hooks gules--PENKERCH, co. Lincoln; also BOSDON.
Argent, a fesse between three flesh-hooks sable--PENKERIDGE.
Argent, three flesh-hooks(fig. 2) sable, two and one--WALLEY.
Argent, a hanger, or kettle-iron, expanded gules--KETTLER.Rope-hook: this occur in but one coat of arms.
Argent, a double-hooked hanger closed in pale sable--ZERTSCHEN.
Argent, a chevron azure between three rope-hooks sable--ROPE-MAKERS' Company, Newcastle-on-Tyne.
Sable three tenter-hooks argent--CLARKE, or CLERKES.Thatcher's-hook: this appears to be borne by two branches of the family of CHOWNE, according to the blazon. But the drawing is so vague, that they have been blazoned in one case as stag's attires.
Argent, three tenter-hooks sable--CLARK.
Argent, a fesse between three tenter-hooks sable--PENERECHE.
Argent, two tenter-hooks[elsewhere harts' horns] in saltire sable--LACHAULT.
Gules, three thatcher's hooks in fesse argent--CHOWNE, Kent.See also Sickle called sometimes a pruning-hook; Horsepicker, called erroneously a hay-hook. The shave-hook is given under Plumbers' implements.
Sable, three thatcher's hooks in pale argent--CHOWNE, Berks.
Argent, on a bend engrailed gules, between two hop-vines with poles proper growing out of mounts vert, three stag's head cabossed or--BOORMAN, Kent.Hopper. See Mill-hopper.
Argent, on three mounts vert as many hop-poles sustaining their fruit proper[otherwise as many hop-vines with their poles proper]--DARKER, London.
Argent, three hop-poles sustaining their fruit proper[otherwise three hop-bines fructed on their poles proper]--HOBILLION, London. [The same from a base vert; HOUBLON.]
Argent, a stag's horn in bend gules--REINSTEIN.Horse, (fr. cheval): the horse does not occur in ancient rolls of arms, and less often than would be expected in modern coats. It is represented as standing(or upright), as trotting, as courant, or in full career(fr. galoppant, échappé), and as salient, or rearing(fr. acculé and cabré, also effaré): it may be saddled(fr. sellé), and bridled(fr. bridé); also the general terms for harnessed, and with trappings, are found in French bardé, houssé, and caparaçonné, while the French term gai is used when the horse is at liberty, without any harness whatever.
Argent, a hart's attire sable--ZAKESLEY.
Argent, two hart's horns in saltire sable--LACHAULT.
Argent, three stag's horns barways sable, the top to the dexter side--COUNTESSE.
Azure, two cow's horns endorsed or between four crosses crosslet fitchy argent--BURDON.
|Burgh of DORNOCH.|
Argent, a horse standing sable--BROMFALING.Horse-fly. See Gad-fly.
Sable, a horse upright argent bridled or--CAVELL, Devon.
Argent, a horse passant sable bridled and saddled or--ROSTLINGS.
Argent, on a mount in base vert a horse trotting sable furnished gules; in chief a star of the third--TROTTER, Scotland.
Argent, a fesse between a horse courant in chief, and a water bouget in base sable--COULTHARD, co. Lancaster.
Gules, a horse[argent] in full career--House of HANOVER[ancient SAXONY].
Sable, a horse passant argent, spancelled in both legs on the near side gules--PERCIVAL, Hants.
Gules, three horse's heads couped argent bridled sable--HORSLEY, Bp. of S.David's, 1788; of Rochester, 1792; afterwards of S.Asaph, 1802-6.
Sable, three nag's heads erased argent--JONES, Bp. of S.Asaph, 1692-1703.
Gules, on a bend engrailed or, between two nag's heads erased argent, three fleurs-de-lys of the field; in chief a mullet for difference--PEPYS, Bp. of Sodor and Man, 1840; of Worcester, 1841-46.
Argent, a fesse between three nags passant sable--CULLIFORD, co. Dorset.
Gules, three colts courant argent, a fleur-de-lis or in the centre for difference--FRY.
Argent, a fesse azure between three colts in full speed sable--COLTE, Essex.
Sable, a fesse ermine between three colts passant argent--STAMP, co. Berks and Oxon.
Argent, a horse-shoe azure--The burgh royal of DORNOCH, Scotland.
Argent, six horse-shoes sable, 3, 2, 1[also, Gules, seven mascles conjoined or; on a label azure, nine horse-shoes argent]--FERRERS[Planché writes, "Three or six horse-shoes are said to have formed the early coat of the FERRERS, Earls of Derby, who afterwards bore 'Vairy or and gules, and the horse shoes as a border.'"]
Gilbert de UMFREVILE, d'or ung quintefoile de goules, ung bordure d'azur ferrs de goulz--Roll, temp. HEN. III.
William de MONTGOMERY, d'ermyne a la bordure de goules et les fers en la bordure--Ibid.
Sire Johan de BAKEPUCE, de goules a ij barres de argent en le chef iij fers de cheval de or--Roll, temp. ED. II.
Argent, three horse-shoes sable pierced of the field--FARRIERS' Company[Inc. 1670].
Or, on a bend engrailed sable, three horse-shoes argent--REBERT FERRAR, Bp. of S.David's, 1548-54.
Argent, five horse-shoes in saltire gules, nail-holes or--FERRERS.
Vert, on a pale gules between two horse-shoes, each horse-shoe between three nails, two in chief and one in base, all meeting with their points to the shoe, argent; a sword in a scabbard azure, hilt, pommel, and studding of the scabbard or; on the point of the sword a cap of maintenance gules turned up ermine; on a chief per pale of the fifth and purple, a boar's head couped of the third between two demi-roses, the dexter of the second barbed of the first, the sinister argent barbed vert each issuing rays from its centre pointing to the boar's head gold--City of GLOUCESTER. [Arms obtained by Sir Richard Bell, temp. HEN. VIII., replacing the more simple and original arms, "Or, three chevrons gules between ten torteauxes three, three, three, and one."]
Argent, six horse-shoes sable, three, two and one studded with gilt nails--Augustinian Priory of LITTLE DARLEY, Derbyshire.
[Horse-shoes are borne also by families of ENDESORE; HODSON; PITT; SMITH, Eastbourne; SOUTH, Wilts; COOK; VYTAN-GIMPUS; BOHEM; BOOTH; besides the various families of FERRERS, FERRIER, FERRARS, and FARRAR. Borne also by the town of OAKHAM, and the Cistercian Abbey of FOUNTAINS, Yorkshire.]
Vert, a chevron between three horse-pickers argent--METRINGHAM. [From Glover's Ordinary and MS. Harl. 1386.]Horse-leech: one coat of arms only has this device.
Azure, three horse-leeches--PREEDE, co. Salop[MS. Harl. 7570].Hose: these are apparently borne on one ancient coat of arms.
Argent, three hose gules--HESE, Roll, temp. ED. I., penes Soc. Ant.Houce des armes, (old fr.): a surcoat embroidered with armorial bearings.
Party per chevron embattled or and gules, three roses counterchanged slipped vert; on a chief of the second three hour-glasses argent framed of the first--John WHITE, Bp. of Lincoln, 1534; of Winchester, 1557-59.House-fly. See Fly.
Vert, in chief the holy Bible expanded proper; in base a sand-glass running argent--JOASS, Scotland.
Vert, on a chevron between three hour-glasses argent as many trefoils slipped of the first--SHADFORTH, Northumberland.
Vert, three hour-glasses in bend proper between two bendlets argent--ANDERTON, co. Lancaster.
Sable, a fesse humetty argent--BOSTOCK, Cheshire.The Humet is a term sometimes, but seldom, used for a fesse, or bar humetty, i.e. couped at each of the extremities.
Argent, a fesse engrailed humetty sable, between three chaplets of holly-leaves proper--Nicholas BUBBEWYTH, Bp. of London, 1406; Bp. of Salisbury, 1407; afterwards of Bath and Wells, 1408-24.
Ermine, on three bars humetty gules, nine escallops or three, three, and three--John de DABRICHECOURT, Roll, temp. RIC. II.
Argent, two bendlets humetty purpure--KEYE, Oxon, (gr. 1688).
Gules, a fesse humetty ermine; over all a pale couped ermines--SPONNE.
Per fesse or and argent; in chief three palets couped in base gules--KEITH, Scotland.
Per pale argent and or, three palets couped gules--BARNARDER.
Gules, five palets raguled, trunked, couped or--SOMERVILLE.
Or, three humets sable, charged with as many annulets argent--AMBROSE, Lancashire.Hunting-horn. See Bugle-horn.
Sire Walter BASCREVILE, de argent a iij rondels de azure e un cheveron de goules, crusule de or--Roll, temp. ED. II.Husked; when the husk is of a different tincture-e.g. of an acorn. See under Oak.
Monsire de BASKERVILE, d'argent a une cheveron gules charge de trois lis d'or; entre le cheveron trois pelletts d'asur--Roll, temp. ED. III.
D'argent, a trois tourteaux d'azur--LANCESSEUR, Normandie.
Argent, a fesse sable in chief three hurts--LANGLEY, co. Gloucester.
Or, a hurt--HURTLE[Randle Holmes' MS.]
Argent, six hurts, two, two, and two--SHIELDS.
Argent, two bars azure; in chief three hurts--CARNABY.
Argent, three bars azure; in chief as many hurts--BASSETT.
Gules, fretty argent; on each joint a hurt--WYMESWOLD.
Azure, a buck trippant or between three pheons argent; within a bordure engrailed of the second hurty[or better 'charged with eight hurts']--PARKER, co. Cambridge.